Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Hubungan Pengetahuan Ibu dan Pola Pemberian Makanan Terhadap Status Gizi Anak Usia Toddler

Fitriana Noor Khayati, Ririn Munawaroh

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Tujuan penelitian: untuk menganalisis hubungan pengetahuan ibu tentang gizi balita dan pola pemberian makanan terhadap status gizi anak usia toddler. Metode: Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini yaitu ibu yang memiliki anak usia 1-3 tahun di Desa Kunden, Karanganom, Klaten. Sampel berjumlah 56 orang yang diambil dengan teknik concecutive sampling. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Juni-Juli 2016. Instrumen yang digunakan ialah kuesioner pengetahuan ibu tentang status gizi, kuesioner pola pemberian makanan, timbangan berat badan, serta stature meter. Pengukuran status gizi menggunakan indeks BB/TB. Analisis data menggunakan uji koefisien kontingensi untuk mengetahui korelasi. Hasil: Ibu yang memiliki pengetahuan tentang gizi balita cukup baik sejumlah 41,1% dan ibu yang memiliki pengetahuan tentang pola pemberian makanan baik sejumlah 78,6%. Balita di Desa Kunden sebagian besar memiliki status gizi normal, yaitu sejumlah 62,5%. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan pengetahuan ibu (p=0,166) dan pola pemberian makanan (p=0,313) terhadap status gizi balita (a=0,05). Kesimpulan: Tidak ada hubungan antara pengetahuan ibu tentang gizi anak usia toddler dan pola pemberian makanan terhadap status gizi anak usia toddler.

Kata Kunci: pengetahuan ibu, pola pemberian makanan, status gizi, toddler

CORRELATION OF MOTHER’S KNOWLEDGE AND FEEDING PATTERN WITH NUTRITIONAL STATUS IN TODDLERS

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the correlation of mother’s knowledge about toddler’s nutrition and feeding pattern with nutritional status of toddlers. Methods: This research was analytical descriptive with cross sectional approach. The population was mothers who had children aged 1-3 years in Kunden, Karanganom Village, Klaten. Samples consisted of 56 people taken using consecutive sampling technique. The research was conducted in June-July 2016. The instruments used were a questionnaire of mother’s knowledge about nutritional status, feeding pattern questionnaire, body weight scales, and stature meter. The nutritional status was measured using Weight/Height index. Data were analyzed using contingency coefficient test to figure out the correlation. Results: 41.1% of mothers had relatively good knowledge about nutrition of toddler and 78.6% mothers had good knowledge about feeding pattern. 62.5% of toddlers in Kunden Village mostly had normal nutritional status. The results of statistical test showed that there was no correlation of mother’s knowledge (p=0.166) andfeeding pattern (p=0.313) with nutritional status of toddles (a=0.05). Conclusion: There is no correlation of mother’s knowledge about toddlers’ nutrition and feeding pattern with nutritional status of toddlers.

Keywords: mother’s knowledge, feeding pattern, nutritional status, toddlers


Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32419/jppni.v2i1.83

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1104 times
PDF - 2324 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Creative Commons License
Jurnal PPNI (P-ISSN: 2503-1376 ; E-ISSN: 2549-8576)