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AKUPRESUR EFEKTIF MENGATASI DISMENOREA

Abel Zulia, Heni Setyowati Esti Rahayu, Rohmayanti -

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Tujuan penelitian: untuk membandingkan efektivitas antara aromaterapi lavender dan akupresur dalam mengatasi dismenorea. Metode: Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah quasy experiment dengan two group pretest dan posttest design. Penelitian dilakukan di Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang tanggal 14 Maret sampai 9 Mei 2015. Sampel sebanyak 44 responden dibagi menjadi dua kelompok, yaitu 22 orang sebagai kelompok aromaterapi lavender dan 22 orang sebagai kelompok terapi akupresur. Aromaterapi diberikan secara inhalasi selama 10 menit, dilakukan dua kali sehari selama 3 hari. Akupresur dilakukan pada LI 4 dan ST 36 selama 20 menit sebanyak dua kali sehari selama 3 hari. Instrumen untuk mengukur nyeri menggunakan numeric rating scale. Uji statistik yang digunakan adalah uji Mann Whitney. Hasil: Terdapat perbedaan antara aromaterapi lavender dan terapi akupresur dalam mengatasi dismenore dengan perbedaan penurunan intensitas nyeri terapi akupresur 1,95 lebih besar daripada aromaterapi lavender 1,46 dengan nilai p= 0,002. Diskusi: Terapi akupresur dengan pemijatan atau penekanan pada titik LI 4 dan ST 36 akan meningkatkan kadar endorfin sehingga lebih cepat menurunkan rasa nyeri, sedangkan aroma yang dihirup melalui proses pernapasan baru merangsang kinerja otak dan dipengaruhi oleh dalamnya pernapasan. Kesimpulan: Terapi akupresur lebih efektif dalam mengatasi dismenorea daripada aromaterapi lavender.

Kata Kunci: dismenorea, aromaterapi lavender, akupresur

EFFECTIVENESS OF ACUPRESSURE IN TREATING DYSMENORRHOEA ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of lavender aromatherapy and acupressure in treating dysmenorrhea. Methods: This study is a quasi-experiment with two group pretest and posttest design. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Health Sciences, Muhammadiyah University of Magelang on 14 March 2015 to 9 May 2015. Samples consisting of 44 respondents were divided into two groups, namely 22 in lavender aromatherapy group and 22 in acupressure therapy group. Aromatherapy was given through inhalation for 10 minutes, done twice a day for 3 days. Acupressure was performed on LI 4 and ST 36 for 20 minutes, twice a day for 3 days. Numerical rating scale was usedfor measuring pain. The statistical test usedMann-Whitney test. Results: There was a difference between lavender aromatherapy and acupressure therapy in treating dysmenorrhea with a decrease in the intensity ofpain of acupressure therapy by 1.95, which was greater than lavender aroma by 1.46 with p = 0.002. Discussion: Acupressure therapy with massage or pressure on the points of LI 4 and ST 36 would increase endorphin levels so that it would quickly relieve pain, while the inhaled scent through the breathing process only stimulated brain’sperformance and was affected by the depth of breathing. Conclusion: Acupressure therapy is more effective in treating dysmenorrhea than lavender aromatherapy.

Keywords: dysmenorrhea, lavender aromatherapy, acupressure



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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32419/jppni.v2i1.78

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Jurnal PPNI (P-ISSN: 2503-1376 ; E-ISSN: 2549-8576)