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PENGARUH DUKUNGAN KELUARGA TERHADAP MOTIVASI MAHASISWA REGULER MENJALANI PENDIDIKAN DI FAKULTAS KEPERAWATAN UNIVERSITAS SUMATERA UTARA

Siti Zahara Nasution, Widya Darayani Purba

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Tujuan penelitian: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifi kasi pengaruh dukungan keluarga terhadap
motivasi mahasiswa sarjana keperawatan kelas reguler menjalani pendidikan di Fakultas Keperawatan,
Universitas Sumatera Utara. Metode: Metode kuantitatif dengan desain deskriptif korelasi digunakan dalam
penelitian ini. Jumlah responden sebanyak 234 orang mahasiswa yang diambil dengan teknik proposional
sampel. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan tiga buah kuesioner sebagai instrumen
penelitian yaitu kuesioner data demografi , kuesioner untuk mengukur dukungan keluarga yang telah diuji
validitasnya (0,98) dan reliabilitasnya (0,82) dan kuesioner untuk mengukur motivasi mahasiswa yang telah
diuji validitasnya (0,89) dan reliabilitasnya (0,80). Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada minggu kedua April
sampai minggu kedua Mei 2015 setelah mendapatkan pernyataan lulus uji etik dari Komisi Etik Penelitian
Kesehatan Fakultas Keperawatan USU. Teknik analisis data menggunakan uji korelasi Spearman. Hasil: Hasil
penelitian menunjukkan adanya korelasi positif yang signifi kan antara dukungan keluarga terhadap motivasi
mahasiswa sarjana keperawatan kelas reguler menjalani pendidikan di Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas
Sumatera Utara (ρvalue=0,016), dengan nilai koefi sien korelasi r=0,157 dengan interpretasi sangat lemah.
Diskusi: Mayoritas mahasiswa memiliki dukungan keluarga yang baik, yaitu 98,3% dan mayoritas mahasiswa
memiliki motivasi yang tinggi, yaitu 96,6%, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa dukungan keluarga menciptakan motivasi
yang baik bagi mahasiswa dalam mengikuti pembelajaran. Kesimpulan: Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, maka
peneliti menyimpulkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh dukungan keluarga terhadap motivasi mahasiswa sarjana
keperawatan kelas reguler menjalani pendidikan di Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Sumatera Utara.
Kata Kunci : Mahasiswa, dukungan keluarga, motivasi.
EFFECTS OF FAMILY SUPPORT ON MOTIVATION IN REGULAR STUDENTS UNDERTAKING THEIR
STUDY AT THE FACULTY OF NURSING OF NORTH SUMATRA UNIVERSITY
ABSTRACT
Objective: This study aimed at identifying the effects of family support on motivation in nursing undergraduate
students of regular class to undertake their study at the Education Faculty of Nursing, North Sumatra University.
Methods: This study employed a quantitative method with correlation descriptive design. Total respondents
were 234 students taken using proportional sampling. Data were collected using three questionnaires, namely
demographic data questionnaire, questionnaire to measure family support of which validity (0.98) and reliability
(0.82) had been tested and questionnaire to measure the motivation of students of which validity (0.89) and
reliability (0.80) had been tested. The data were collected in the second week of April until the second week
in May 2015 after obtaining the Ethical Clearance from the ethics committee for health research, the Faculty of
Nursing, North Sumatra University. The data were analyzed using Spearman. Results: The results of the study
indicated a signifi cant positive correlation between family support and motivation in undergraduate nursing
students of regular class undertaking study at the Faculty of Nursing, North Sumatra University (ρvalue=
0.016), with a correlation coeffi cient r = 0.157 with very weak interpretation. Discussion: The majority of
students received good family support (98.3%) and the majority of students had high motivation (96.6%).
This suggests that family support creates good motivation for students in undertaking their study. Conclusion:
Based on the research results, it can be concluded that there is a signifi cant effect of family support on
motivation in nursing undergraduate students of regular class undertaking their study at the Faculty of Nursing,
North Sumatra University.
Keywords: student, family support, motivation

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Jurnal PPNI (P-ISSN: 2503-1376 ; E-ISSN: 2549-8576)