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PERBEDAAN TERAPI BACK MASSAGE DAN AKUPRESUR TERHADAP KUALITAS TIDUR PASIEN HEMODIALISA DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM LANGSA

Mailisna ., Sutomo Kasiman, Evi Karota Bukit

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Tujuan penelitian: mengetahui perbedaan terapi back massage dan akupresur terhadap kualitas
tidur pasien hemodialisa di Rumah Sakit Umum Langsa. Metode: Jenis penelitian yang digunakan
ialah kuasi eksperimen dengan pretest dan posttest pada dua kelompok (two group pretest dan
posttest desain). Populasi pada penelitian ini berjumlah 88 orang yang menjalankan hemodialisa
rutin. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 66 orang (33 responden dilakukan terapi back massage dan
akupresur) yang diperoleh dengan menggunakan teknik non probability sampling jenis consecutive
sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner kualitas tidur dengan skor 0–21. Analisis
bivariat menggunakan uji paired t test dengan derajat kemaknaan α (0.05). Hasil: Hasil penelitian
menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifi kan hasil skor kualitas tidur di antara therapy back
massage dan akupresur dengan nilai p=0.575(>0.001). Penelitian ini menunjukkan ada peningkatan
kualitas tidur pasien hemodialisa setelah dilakukan intervensi. Kesimpulan: Terapi back massage
dan akupresur dapat dijadikan sebagai tindakan terapi komplementer yang dapat diaplikasikan
sebagai upaya peningkatan kualitas tidur pasien hemodialisa.
Kata Kunci: terapi back massage, akupresur, kualitas tidur, hemodialisa
The Difference between Back Massage Therapy and Acupressure on Quality of Sleep in
Hemodialysis Patients at General Hospital of Langsa
ABSTRACT
Objective: This study aims at identifying the difference between back massage and acupressure
therapy on quality of sleep in hemodialysis patients at General Hospital of Langsa. Methods: It
employed a quasi-experimental method with two-group pretest-posttest design. The population was
88 patients who received hemodialysis routinely. A sample size was 66, consisting of 33 receiving
back massage and 33 receiving acupressure and taken using non-probability sampling design, i.e.
consecutive sampling. Data were collected using questionnaires concerning the quality of sleep with
a score of 0-21 and analyzed using bivariate analysis with paired t-test at α (0.05). Results: The
results of the study indicated that there was the difference in the quality of sleep before and after
back massage therapy and acupressure with p-value=0.575 (>0.001). It was also found that there
was the increase in the quality of sleep in hemodialysis patients after the intervention. Conclusion:
Back massage and acupressure therapy can used as a complementary therapy which can applied
as the therapy for improving the quality of sleep in hemodialysis patients.
Keywords: Back Massage Therapy, Acupressure, Quality of Sleep, Hemodialysis.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32419/jppni.v1i3.32

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Jurnal PPNI (P-ISSN: 2503-1376 ; E-ISSN: 2549-8576)