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PENGALAMAN IBU MENYUSUI SEBELUM, SAAT, DAN SETELAH ERUPSI MERAPI 2010

Erviana Dewi Muslikhah, Elsi Dwi Hapsari, Fitri Haryanti

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Tujuan penelitian: Untuk mengetahui pengalaman ibu dalam memberikan ASI sebelum, saat, dan
setelah terjadi bencana erupsi Merapi 2010. Metode: Penelitian dengan rancangan kualitatif dan
pendekatan fenomenologi. Partisipan penelitian ialah 5 orang ibu menyusui yang berada di hunian
tetap Cangkringan. Analisis data menggunakan metode Colaizzi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada
bulan September sampai Desember 2013. Izin etik diperoleh dari Komisi Etik Fakultas Kedokteran
Universitas Gadjah Mada. Hasil: Pada kondisi sebelum bencana, terdapat satu tema yang diperoleh
yaitu pemberian ASI lancar meskipun ada kesulitan. Pada saat terjadi bencana, diperoleh dua
tema yaitu kenyataan di shelter yang berbeda dengan harapan dan dukungan sosial diterima Ibu
dari suami dan masyarakat. Pada kondisi setelah bencana diperoleh satu tema yaitu kelancaran
Pemberian ASI. Kesimpulan: Pada kondisi bencana, ibu yang menyusui mengalami berbagai
tantangan agar tetap dapat menyusui anaknya secara eksklusif. Ibu yang menyusui disarankan
dapat mengantisipasi apabila sewaktu-waktu terjadi bencana untuk mempersiapkan bekal berupa
pengetahuan terkait merawat payudara dengan benar serta menjaga agar ASI tetap lancar meskipun
dalam kondisi cemas yaitu dengan tetap memberikan ASI pada anak dan mengkonsumsi makanan
sehat agar nutrisi tercukupi. Bagi tenaga kesehatan diharapkan dapat lebih banyak memberikan
edukasi terkait kesulitan dalam menyusui. Pemerintah diharapkan lebih memperhatikan kondisi
kesehatan korban bencana khususnya kesehatan ibu dan anak.
Kata Kunci: ASI, bencana.
WOMEN’S EXPERIENCE OF BREASTFEEDING BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER THE 2010
ERUPTION OF MERAPI
ABSTRACT
Objective: To identify women’s experience of breastfeeding before, during and after the 2010
eruption of Merapi. Methods: The study employed qualitative design and phenomenological
approach. Participants consisted of 5 breastfeeding mothers in permanent housing of Cangkringan.
Data were analyzed using Colaizzi. Data were collected from September to December 2013.
Ethical clearance was obtained from the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada
University. Results: In the pre-disaster, one theme was obtained that breastfeeding was smooth
despite of diffi culties. During the disaster, two themes obtained that reality in shelters was different
from their expectation and social support was received by mothers from their husbands and society.
After the disaster, one theme was obtained that breastfeeding was smooth. Conclusion: During the
disaster, breastfeeding mothers experienced various challenges in order to able to breastfeed their
children exclusively. It is suggested that breastfeeding mothers could anticipate a disaster which
might occur at any time by preparing knowledge of how to treat breast properly and to keep the
breastmilk drain well despite of anxious conditions by breastfeeding continuously to children and
consuming healthy food in order to obtain adequate nutrition. It is expected that healthcare workers
provide further education related to diffi culties in breastfeeding. It is expected that the government
pays more attention to the health condition of disaster victims, particularly mother and child health.
Keywords: Breastmilk, Disaster

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Jurnal PPNI (P-ISSN: 2503-1376 ; E-ISSN: 2549-8576)