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HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI LINGKUNGAN PEMBELAJARAN KLINIK DENGAN PERILAKU CARING PADA MAHASISWA PROFESI NERS

Yenny Tangke Layuk, Totok Harjanto, Elsi Dwi Hapsari

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara persepsi lingkungan pembelajaran klinik dengan perilaku
caring pada mahasiswa Profesi Ners. Metode: Subjek penelitian ialah mahasiswa Profesi Ners satu
institusi pendidikan ners di Yogyakarta pada tahun 2012/2013. Responden penelitian berjumlah 61
orang. Alat penelitian yang digunakan ialah kuesioner Clinical Learning Environment and Supervision
(CLES) untuk mengetahui lingkungan pembelajaran klinik dan kuesioner Caring Behavior Inventory
(CBI) untuk mengetahui perilaku caring. Analisis data menggunakan bivariat korelasi dengan uji
korelasi Pearson. Hasil: Suasana ruang perawatan, gaya kepemimpinan, nilai-nilai keperawatan di
ruangan, nilai-nilai pembelajaran di ruangan, dan hubungan supervisi paling banyak pada persepsi
positif. Subskala gaya kepemimpinan kepala ruangan dengan persepsi positif paling banyak
(98,53 persen). Kecenderungan perilaku caring pada mahasiswa Profesi Ners paling banyak pada
kategori rendah (41,0 persen). Suasana ruang perawatan (p=0,006) dan nilai-nilai keperawatan di
ruangan (p=0,004) memiliki hubungan signifi kan dengan perilaku caring pada mahasiswa Profesi
Ners. Diskusi: Suasana ruang perawatan yang positif dan semangat tim yang baik di lingkungan
klinik yang baik dalam menunjang mahasiswa pada hasil dari pembelajaran klinik. Kedua subskala
tersebut memiliki hubungan yang signifi kan pada perilaku caring pada mahasiswa Profesi Ners satu
institusi pendidikan ners di Yogyakarta. Kesimpulan: Persepsi lingkungan pembelajaran klinik yang
berhubungan signifi kan dengan perilaku caring pada mahasiswa Profesi Ners satu institusi pendidikan
ners di Yogyakarta yaitu subskala suasana ruang perawatan dan nilai-nilai keperawatan di ruangan.
Kata Kunci: pembelajaran, klinik, perilaku, caring, profesi.
ABSTRACT
Objective: To learn about the relationship between the perception of the clinical learning environment
and caring behavior of the nursing internship students of one institution of nursing education in
Yogyakarta. Material and methods: Subject of the research were nursing internship students of one
institution of nursing education in Yogyakarta in 2012/2013. Total of the participants were 61 students.
The data was collected using the Learning Environment and Supervision (CLES) instrument to learn
about clinical learning environment and Caring Behavior Inventory (CBI), an instrument to learn caring
behavior. Data was analyzed with using correlation bivariate with Pearson correlation test. Results:
The atmosphere of the ward, leadership style, nursing values in the ward, learning values in the
ward, and the relationship of the supervisor mostly made positive perception. The leadership style
of head nurse of the ward had most positive perception (98,53%). The tendency of caring behavior
of students mostly in low category (41.0%). The atmosphere at the ward (p=0,006) and values of
nursing in the ward (p=0,004) signifi cantly had relation to caring behavior of the nursing internship
students of one institution of nursing education in Yogyakarta. Discussion: Positive atmosphere and
spirit of the team in the clinical practice fi eld were important to improve outcome of clinical learning
for nursing students. Both sub-scales had signifi cant relation to caring behavior to nursing internship
students of one institution of nursing education in Yogyakarta. Conclusion: Perception of clinical
learning environment that signifi cantly related to caring behavior for nursing internship students of one
institution of nursing education in Yogyakarta were the atmosphere and the nursing values in the ward.
Keywords: learning, clinic, behavior, caring, internship.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32419/jppni.v1i2.24

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Jurnal PPNI (P-ISSN: 2503-1376 ; E-ISSN: 2549-8576)