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EFEK RELAKSASI AUTOGENIC TRAINING TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN MASA AWAL LAKTASI PADA IBU POSTPARTUM

Iis Sri Hardiati

Abstract


Salah satu penyebab kegagalan menyusui pada ibu antara lain kurangnya kepercayaan diri pada ibu. Relaksasi autogenic training (RAT) merupakan metode untuk meningkatkan rasa percaya diri dan membangun pikiran positif ibu.  Hal ini sesuai dengan teori keperawatan self-care dari Orem yang bertujuan membantu ibu mencapai kemandirian untuk mempertahankan hidup, kesehatan, perkembangan, dan kesejahteraan. Tujuan penelitian: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek RAT terhadap keberhasilan menyusui pada ibu postpartum.  Metode: Desain penelitian ini menggunakan quasi experiment dengan rancangan nonequivalent control group design.  Sampel terdiri dari masing-masing 15 responden untuk kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol.  RAT diberikan melalui media audio voice selama 10-15 menit sebanyak 2-3 kali sehari selama 7 hari.  Posttest dilakukan dengan cara observasi melalui kunjungan pada hari ketujuh. Instrumen Via Christi Breastfeeding Assessment Tool yang telah valid dan reliabel digunakan untuk menilai keberhasilan menyusui. Analisis data menggunakan t-testHasil: ibu yang melakukan RAT bisa menyusui lebih efektif dibanding kelompok kontrol (p=0,000). Diskusi: RAT memberikan ketenangan dan kemudahan kepada responden dalam membantu meningkatkan keberhasilan menyusui karena memiliki efek relaksasi. Kesimpulan: RAT efektif terhadap keberhasilan menyusui. Oleh karena itu RAT dapat digunakan oleh perawat sebagai sebuah asuhan keperawatan dalam program dukungan ibu menyusui di rumah sakit atau fasilitas kesehatan.

Kata Kunciautogenic training, menyusui, relaksasi

Relaxation Effects of Autogenic Training on Lactation Success in Post Partum Mothers

ABSTRACT

One of the causes of failure to breastfeed, among others, is a lack of confidence in mothers. Autogenic relaxation training (RAT) is a method to increase self-confidence and build positive thoughts for mothers. This is in accordance with Orem's self-care nursing theory, which aims to help mothers achieve independence to maintain life, health, development, and well-being. Objective: This research aims to reveal the effect of RAT on breastfeeding success in postpartum mothers. Methods: This research employed a quasi-experimental design with a nonequivalent control group design. The samples consisted of an intervention group and a control group, with 15 respondents for each. RAT was given through audio voice media for 10-15 minutes 2-3 times a day for 7 days. The posttest was conducted using observation through visits on the seventh day. A valid and reliable instrument of the Via Christi Breastfeeding Assessment Tool was used to assess breastfeeding success. Data were analyzed using a t-test. Results: Mothers who did RAT could breastfeed more effectively than the control group (p=0.000). Discussion: RAT provides comfort and convenience to respondents in helping to increase breastfeeding success because it has a relaxing effect. Conclusion: RAT is effective for breastfeeding success. Therefore, nurses can use RAT as nursing care in breastfeeding mother support programs in hospitals or health facilities.

Keywords: autogenic training, breastfeeding, relaxation


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32419/jppni.v5i2.228

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