Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

HAND MASSAGE TERHADAP PENURUNAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN KLIEN PRA-OPERASI PADA PEMBEDAHAN ELEKTIF

Erawati Sitompul, Mustikasari .

Abstract


ABSTRAK
Tujuan Penelitian: mengidentifi kasi pengaruh hand massage terhadap penurunan kecemasan
klien. Metode: Desain penelitian quasi experimental one group pre-test post-test dengan sampel 27
orang. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner Spielberg State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)
for adult. Uji statistik menggunakan Uji Proporsi, Chi Square dan Uji ANOVA. Hasil: Responden
penelitian dengan rerata usia 30 tahun, mayoritas berpendidikan sarjana, bekerja, dan pernah
menjalani pembedahan. Tidak terdapat hubungan antara karakteristik responden dengan tingkat
kecemasan klien pra-operasi dengan perolehan nilai p>0,05. Terdapat pengaruh Hand Massage
terhadap penurunan tingkat kecemasan klien dengan nilai p=0,038<0,05. Diskusi: Hasil penelitian
menyarankan agar hand massage dijadikan sebagai intervensi mandiri keperawatan dalam
penanganan kecemasan di tahap pra-operasi pada pasien bedah elektif. Simpulan: Hand massage
dapat menurunkan tingkat kecemasan klien pra-operasi pada pembedahan elektif di Rumah Sakit
Pondok Indah Jakarta Selatan.
Kata Kunci: hand massage, kecemasan, pra-operasi, pembedahan elektif.
ABSTRACT
Objectives: The study aimed to identify the effect of hand massage on the reduction of client’s
anxiety. Methods: This study was quasi experimental one group pretest postest with a sample
size of 27 people. It employed a questionaire of Spielberg State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) for
adult. Data were analyzed using proportion, chi square and ANOVA tests. Result: The average
age of respondents was 30 years old, mostly holding bachelor degree, working and having surgery
experience. The results indicated that there was no correlation between characteristics of respondents
and their levels of pre-operation anxiety, (p>0.05). Hand massage had an effect on the reduction of
client’s anxiety levels (p=0.038<0.05). Discussion: The results suggested that Hand Massage be
used as an independent nursing intervention in addressing client’s anxiety in pre-elective surgery.
Conclusion: Hand massage reduces the anxiety levels of pre-operative clients in elective surgery
at Pondok Indah Hospital, South Jakarta.
Keywords: hand massage, anxiety, preoperation, elective surgery

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32419/jppni.v1i1.11

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1311 times
PDF - 938 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Creative Commons License
Jurnal PPNI (P-ISSN: 2503-1376 ; E-ISSN: 2549-8576)